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PATTERN OF IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME AND ITS SYMPTOMS CHARACTERISTICS: A STUDY FROM TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN NORTH INDIA

Abstract

Paraag Kumar*, Vivek Ahuja, Amit Agarwal, Sunita Gupta and Paraag Kumar

Introduction: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a bowel disorder, in which there is an association of chronic abdominal pain with irregularity in form of stool and passage in the absence of any organic cause. IBS is classified into various subtypes including IBS-D (Diarrhea predominant), IBS-C (Constipation predominant) and IBS-M (mixed).

Objective: The present study was planned to evaluate the pattern of IBS, its symptoms characteristics epidemiological profile of patients of IBS from rural area in Haryana, attending a tertiary care hospital.

Materials And methods: 100 consecutive patients of age 12-50 years presenting to the OPD (Out Patient Department) of Gastroenterology after being selected as study population was enquired about a detailed questionnaire.

Results: The numbers of IBS-D patient were 68 (68%), IBS-M was 26 (26%) and IBS-C was 6 (6%). The number of male patient were 58 (58%) and number of female patient were 42 (42%). 44% patients with IBS had a normal BMI (Body Mass Index), 3% patients were underweight, 42% were overweight while 11% patients were obese. Among the obese patients, 72.7% had IBS-D, 18.1% had IBS-M and 9% had IBS-C. Most patients in the study were farmers by occupation (38%). 36% patients in the study were educated up to secondary school, while only 28% were graduates and 8% were post graduates. We concluded that IBS-D was the most common subtype observed in our study population. Majority of individuals in this study had a BMI >25kg/m2. Majority of patients in our study had a low level of education

Conclusion: Further studies which include a larger population are required which can elaborate the differences in clinical profile of patients with IBS in urban and rural population

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